Constructing any building structure can be a demanding job yet a rewarding journey. Holistically, the construction phase can be divided into two main phases: Pre-construction phase, and Construction phase. The pre-construction usually consists of 3 phases namely the building plan, budget estimation, land acquisition and City regulations documentation.
Blueprint for Construction Plan. The most necessary for any construction project is the building plan. It is to make and visualize first the plans in 2D. This is where professionals (mostly architects and engineers) played an important in planning.
They provide a comprehensive and visual representation of the intended structure, including the layout, dimensions, materials, and other essential details. Contractors and construction teams rely on these plans to ensure that the project is executed accurately and in accordance with the design.
Budget Estimation. This is one of the crucial components in the construction phase. Contractors use the plans to assess the materials, labor, and equipment needed for construction accurately. This helps in preparing realistic and reliable cost estimates, aiding in budgeting and financial planning for the project.
Land acquisition and City Regulations Documentation. Building plans are essential for obtaining necessary approvals and permits from local authorities. They ensure that the proposed construction complies with building codes, zoning regulations, and other legal requirements. Having a well-documented building plan helps in navigating the regulatory process and ensures that the construction is legal and safe.
The Construction Phase
Site Clearing. This process is essential and crucial preliminary step in the construction process. Foremost, this is where clearing the site of debris, vegetation, and any hazardous materials ensures a safer working environment for construction workers. Moreover, clearing the site allows for easier access for construction vehicles, machinery, and personnel. All the more, this is where the preparation of the foundation is enabled.
Placing the foundation. The foundation serves as the base upon which the entire structure rests. Its primary function is to distribute the weight of the building evenly to the ground below, ensuring stability and preventing settlement or structural failure. During foundation placement, precise leveling and alignment are crucial to ensure that the building is straight and square. Any errors in foundation placement can lead to problems with the alignment of walls, floors, and other structural components, resulting in costly corrections later in the construction process.
Plinth Beam and Slab. (also known as the footing or ground floor level) is essential for the structural integrity of the building. This is the final level of the finished floor. They must be constructed according to engineering specifications and building codes to ensure they can withstand the loads they will be subjected to during the life of the building.
Superstructure. The superstructure in construction refers to the part of a building or structure that is erected above the foundation and substructure. Since it includes walls, columns, beams, floors etc., The superstructure defines the layout and functional spaces within the building, including rooms, corridors, staircases, and amenities. It is essential for creating a comfortable and functional environment that meets the needs of the building's occupants.
Lintel and roof coating. These are still part of the structure elements that are placed above openings. Also, waterproofing is part of the coating process of roofs. It provides a protective barrier against the leaks, water infiltration and other weather damages that it can bring to the interior of the building.
Plumbing and electrical wiring. These are processes that coexist with the functionality of the building. Without the plumbing and electrical system of the house, its function to provide utility to the user will not be effective to the overall use of the house. Their proper design and wiring integration is vital for long-term performance and usability of the residential buildings.
Flooring. High-quality, well-maintained flooring can increase the value of a property and enhance its marketability. It significantly impacts the visual appearance and ambiance of interior spaces. The choice of flooring material, color, pattern, and texture can enhance the overall design scheme, create a sense of warmth or spaciousness, and contribute to the aesthetic appeal of the building.
Finishes and Paintings. Some of the paints are designed to provide the waterproofing of the house. Aside from its main function to give the space visually appealing, it also contributes to protect from environmental factors such as UV radiation and temperature moisture.
That is why, in realizing your dream home, better to consider these construction phases in order to have a wider perspective not just on the comprehensive processes but also in financing the overall cost while complying to the timetable of the construction.
Written by: Queen Vhylette Orbillo
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