Sound transmission through wall systems is a critical consideration in architectural design and construction, particularly in environments where noise control is essential for occupant comfort, privacy, and overall well-being. The impact of sound transmission on wall systems extends beyond mere auditory annoyance; it can significantly affect the functionality and quality of living or working spaces. Thus, the sounds that can transmit (either it is airborne or structural-borne sounds) can further developed by proper considerations of your wall systems.
The ability of materials and assemblies to reduce noise transmission varies with the frequency of sound. Some assemblies are efficient at high frequencies, others at low frequencies. A wall or floor and ceiling assembly that will adequately reduce the transmission of conversational speech may not be able to block the low frequency thump of an air compressor.
Acceptable sound conditioning requires proper selection and construction of sound-isolating walls and floor and ceiling assemblies.
One may not realize it, but the designer should be in careful consideration when installing the plumbing, heating, ventilating, air conditioning and electrical systems equipment and even appliances that will reduce noise generation and transmission to bearable level.
The sound-isolating efficiency of a floor and ceiling assembly depends on the following factors.
1. Weight or mass of the wall or ceiling.
2. Effective separation of the surfaces.
3. Addition of sound-absorbing materials within the assembly.
The ability of a wall or floor and ceiling assembly to transmit sound is inversely dependent on its mass. Th heavier or more massive it is, the greater is the resistance to sound transmission. If the mass is extremely small, even faint sound pressures will be heard. That's why, knowing your hardcore knowledge on the appropriate layer of the Wall Systems.
Here are the wood frame load-bearing category walls:
Separating opposite surfaces by discontinuous construction in such a manner that the coupling between the surfaces is very ineffective reduces transmission, because the surface opposite the source is not set into as a vigorous vibration as the surface on the source side.
For example, the image below shows a staggered stud. These staggered studs provide discontinuous construction by effectively separating opposite surfaces. Adding insulation improves performances.
Meanwhile, the image below shows this sound-deadening wall system. Sound-deadening board reduces transmission by resilient mounting of surfaces and can be used with single-, double-, or staggered stud-walls.
A double row of studs, each row on separate plates, provides discontinuous construction. Adding insulation improves performance, and performance increases as insulation thickness is increased.
The image below as an example shows the resilient channels (on one side of the wall) flexibly mounted on the surface. The performance increases when insulation is added and continuous to increase as the thickness of the insulation is increased.
Discontinuous construction can be obtained in floor and ceiling assemblies by floating the ceiling construction and floor construction. Attempting to isolate airborne sound transmission by separate opposite surfaces alone has limitations. Thus, the presuming walls and floor and ceiling assemblies that are selected on the basis of test data will actually perform according to their ratings, the greatest single problem in achieving satisfactory sound conditioning is improper installation. Only when every detail has been taken correctly taken care of will actual walls and floor and ceiling assemblies live up to the ratings of the tested assemblies.
So, next time you're gonna be considering sound transmission in the design of your house, consider these construction methods in your home!
Simmons, H. Leslie
Olin's construction: principles, materials and methods / H. Leslie Simmons -- 9th ed.
Written by: Queen Vhylette K. Orbillo
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